Domestic and wild rabbits of all ages.
Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Serotype 2 (RHDV2) is a highly contagious and potentially fatal disease for rabbits. It is a foreign animal disease and is of high concern in the United States.
Often the only sign of the disease is sudden death, possibly with bloody nose caused by internal bleeding. Other signs include fever, loss of appetite, tiredness, neurologic signs, and difficulty breathing.
No. RHDV2 is not known to infect people.
There is no known risk to humans.
None. Humans are not at risk.
To keep the virus from spreading:
The virus can be spread through contact with an infected rabbit or rabbit excretions, cages, bedding, feeders, equipment, etc. People can carry the virus on their hands, clothing, or shoes after handling an infected rabbit or its bedding, food, and other materials and then spread the virus to a healthy rabbit.
No. RHDV2 can infect domestic rabbits. Although it is not known to infect other domestic animals, keep pets away from rabbit carcasses to help reduce the spread of this disease.
RHDV2 is a virus that is spread via direct contact with infected rabbits, as well as their meat, fur, or droppings.
The virus can survive on an object for up to 105 days in dry, room temperatures. The incubation period for the disease is one to five days.
A single dead rabbit is not cause for alarm unless there is a blood-stained nose.
Suspected cases of RHDV2 in domestic or wild rabbits should be immediately reported to the Missouri State Veterinarian’s office at (573) 751-3377, or the USDA Area Veterinarian in Charge (AVIC) at (573) 658-9850. A cluster of wild rabbits found dead should be reported to the Missouri Department of Conservation.